No. 44: The role of personal income taxes in corporate investment decisions

Abstract

This paper examines the role of personal income taxes (PIT) in corporate investment decisions. Since PIT reduce consumption and increase cost of labor, investment decisions can be affected because of the inevitable link of production input factors. Using data on PIT in 30 European countries and a large sample of private firms, we find that personal income taxes substantially reduce investment. The magnitude is comparable to the effect of corporate taxes. We confirm this finding using three within-country settings where we explore local variation in PIT. Further, the PIT–investment association is stronger for lower-income earners, for firms facing more elastic employees, for firms with a stronger capital-labor-relation, for durable goods industries, and for financially constrained firms.

Beteiligte Institutionen

Die Hauptstandorte vom TRR 266 sind die Universität Paderborn (Sprecherhochschule), die HU Berlin und die Universität Mannheim. Alle drei Standorte sind seit vielen Jahren Zentren für Rechnungswesen- und Steuerforschung. Hinzu kommen Wissenschaftler der LMU München, der Frankfurt School of Finance and Management, der WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, der ESMT Berlin, der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt und der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, die die gleiche Forschungsagenda verfolgen.